ANSI STANDARD Z136.1 PDF

ANSI Z American National Standard for Safe Use of Lasers and the history of lasers and laser classes. Since the last ANSI Z standard was published, developments in laser devices and laser applications have prompted research into the bioeffects involving. The ANSI Z is a parent document and cornerstone of the Z series of laser safety standards, the Z is the foundation of laser safety programs for.

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Similarly Class 2M applies to visible lasers which are safe when viewed by the unaided eye for up to 0. Join or Renew Members Only.

The great proliferation of these devices has made it more likely that individuals who are not familiar with appropriate safety precautions would use them. The process for conducting hazard evaluation and analysis is thus greatly simplified, and would be welcome by laser safety officers and others who are charged with the responsibility of performing laser hazard evaluation and classification as part of an overall hazard analysis.

This should be contrasted with previous generations of laser pointers that were based on HeNe lasers and were generally classified as Class 2. Guidance is also offered in the use of laser eyewear in conjunction with ultrashort stadard. The appendix contains numerous examples that illustrate and clarify the application of the new methodology. Currently few differences exist between the two standards. To help rectify the situation, the IEC is considering slight modification to their classification scheme that would more clearly define risk levels stanrard reasonably foreseeable use.

Class 3R for reduced requirements is for laser products that are marginally safe for intrabeam viewing. Visit the LIA website at http: Three new classes of lasers are being created 1M, 2M and 3R. CopyrightLaser Institute of America. z13.1

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In general, the guidance based upon the new data is less stringent than the corresponding guidance in the previous version of the standard. The biological data thus produced provides the basis for extending the formalism and hazard limits into new parameter space.

New Revision of ANSI Z136.1 (Laser Safety Standards)

Maximum Permissible Exposures MPEs The new standard revises the tables containing MPEs, and methods by which hazard evaluation and laser classifications are done for ocular exposure of small intrabeam viewing and extended source viewing. The Control Measures section of the new standard specifically treats safety issues associated with laser pointers, and provides guidance for the safe use of these products.

For pulses shorter than 10 —9 seconds, z1336.1 guidance ztandard to employ the MPE for 1 ns. With the emergence of new biological data for sub-nanosecond pulses, more precise and less conservative guidance is provided in the new standard for ultrashort pulses down to femtoseconds in the retinal hazard region of 0. The ramifications of these changes are relatively small.

Most current Class 2 will remain Class 2 or will anzi 2M if they possess a highly divergent beam. Once adopted by ANSI, corresponding changes will be have to be made in the Control Measures and Measurement sections to account for the added requirements. The new standard also facilitates the methodology of dealing with small and extended sources.

New Revision of ANSI Z (Laser Safety Standards)

Thus in the visible part of the spectrum, Class 2 range is 0. This newly revised standard will contain several important additions and changes to the last ANSI Z With advances in laser device technology driving new designs, the new laser pointers generally contain a diode laser that is classified as Class 3a.

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All current Class 1 lasers will become Class 1 and Class 1M. In the past several years the use of laser pointers has proliferated significantly.

Class 1M is composed of lasers, which are incapable of causing eye damage except when viewed with optical instruments. Separate tables are provided for dealing with the two distinct viewing conditions, and dual limits photochemical and thermal for the appropriate spectral range are provided. The new standagd revises the tables containing MPEs, standad methods by which hazard evaluation and laser classifications are done for ocular exposure of small intrabeam viewing and extended source viewing.

While it is unlikely that momentary exposure to laser pointers will cause permanent retinal damage, exposure to these devices can cause other visual impairment. This would allow users to standrad prepare for eventual adoption of these changes.

Laser Pointers In the past several years the use of laser pointers has proliferated significantly. The most important changes contained in the newly revised standard are described below. They are routinely used in demonstrations, alignment, educational, and numerous other applications. Flashblindness, afterimage, and glare can occur as a result of exposure to laser pointers and may result in visual dysfunction that can affect visual-critical activity such as driving or flying.

In the absence of accepted biological data, the previous standard only provided MPE data for pulses down to 10 —9 seconds, or one nanosecond ns.